Diagnosis of hemorrhoidal disease is made by digital examination,
visual control by direct visualization via anoscopy or proctoscopy examinations and by history taking. The right
diagnosis is of vital importance for the success of hemorrhoids
Video about when hemorrhoids examination is
Digital rectal examination serves only as a rough orientation in
the anal canal. It is performed with a gloved, lubricated finger to feel the abnormalities.
Unless you are experiencing extreme
pain, a digital examination should always be performed.The final step in the initial office examination is usually
The anoscopy is performed by using a small,
rigid device called anoscope, inserted a few inches into to the anus. Currently many types of
anoscopes are available. The preparation with an enema is not usually necessary before anoscopy, it can improve
visualization and may be aesthetically more acceptable to the examiner and to the patient
Further evaluations using sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy is useful when symptoms of
hemorrhoids are not truly apparent especially in the elderly patients.
A colonoscopy allows a doctor to make inside observation of
the your entire large intestine. This procedure allows him/her to see the all abnormalities of your large
intestine. The colonoscopy is most often used to be investigated early symptoms of cancer in the colon and
Video of colonoscopy of hemorrhoids with rectal cancer:
In order to be performed detail, complete and
safe colonoscopy your colon must be completely clean and empty. For this purpose 1 to 3 days before
colonoscopy you will have to be on a liquid diet.
The cleansing of the bowel is carried out
before the procedure by taking a laxative the night before the colonoscopy or by giving you
Also before colonoscopy are prescribed sedative and
pain medicines that ease the discomfort during the procedure.
The duration of colonoscopy is about 45
minutes. After procedure you will have to stay for about 2 hours in cabinet in order the action of sedative
medicines to fade away.
The correct diagnosis must precede the treatment of
hemorrhoids. Many diseases, i.e. rectal cancer, colitis, internal rectal prolapse, solitary rectal ulcer, rectal
polyps, could be also considered as hemorrhoids without careful examination.
You may also be interested
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hemorrhoids treatment for bleeding or acute hemorrhoids or General Hemorrhoids treatment information